December 1986 April 1995: An employee of the Department of Foreign Economic Relations (currently, the Department of International Cooperation) of the State Bank of Vietnam, consecutively held the posts of Deputy Head of the Department of International Institutions, Head of the World Bank Department.
May 1995 October 1996: Deputy General Director, Head of International Credit Management Department.
November 1996 October 1998: General Director, Head of the Chairman of the State Bank of Vietnam Office.
November 1998 October 2001: Deputy Director of the Hanoi Branch of the State Bank of Vietnam.
November 2001 June 2005: Official representative; served as Vice Chairman, Acting Chairman of the Board of the International Investment Bank (IIB) in the Russian Federation.
July 2005 March 2008: Chief Inspector, State Bank of Vietnam.
April 2008 January 2011: Deputy Chairman of the State Bank of Vietnam.
January 2011 August 2011: Member of the Central Committee of the Party, 11th convocation; Deputy Chairman of the State Bank of Vietnam.
August 2011 January 2016: Member of the Central Committee of the party; Chairman of the State Bank of Vietnam.
January 2016 April 2016: Political Bureau member, 12th convocation; Chairman of the State Bank of Vietnam.
April 2016 present: Member of the Political Bureau and the Secretariat of the Central Committee; Chairman of the Central Economic Commission of the Party; Member of the Party Central Committee, 11th, 12th convocation; Political Bureau member, 12th convocation.