Born in 1952 Krasnoye village, the Hvastovichi district of the Kaluga Region.
In 1974 graduated from Moscow Agricultural Production Engineering Institute named after V.P. Goryachkin. On graduating the institute came to Hvastovici district of the Kaluga Region, where worked as a state farm «Hvastvichesky» repair shops chief.
Since 1975 Chief Engineer of the state farm «Shahtovsky» in Mosalsk district.
In 1978 was appointed «Gruzdovsky» state farm Director.
In 1985 Chief of the Regional Agricultural Department, and a few months later was elected First Secretary of CPSU Mosalsk district committee.
In 1991 was appointed Obninsk construction and industrial joint stock company CEO.
Since November 1996 Vice Governor of the Kaluga Region.
November 12, 2000 was elected Governor of the Kaluga Region.
March 14, 2004 was elected Governor of the Kaluga Region for the second time.
July 22, 2005 according to the new order of forming executive powers of governmental authorities the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin introduced A.D. Artamonovs candidature for considering of the Kaluga Region Legislative Assembly to appoint him the authority of the Kaluga Region Governor.
July 26, 2005 the Kaluga Region Legislative Assembly deputies made up their minds to appoint A.D.Artamonov the authority of the Kaluga Region Governor for a five year term on a special session.
July 26, 2010 the Governor came into office for another term on. Worked in this position until February 2020.