Access to a high-quality infrastructure of information and communications technologies has a positive influence on GDP growth, and growth of the economy as a whole. Over the last few years, the digital gap between Moscow and other regions of the Russian Federation has been closing, yet the Far East still lags behind, and the tariffs there are the highest in the country. The reason is the lack of backbone networks. Fibre optic lines are unprofitable owing to factors such as permafrost and low population density. In order to overcome this challenge, the possibility must be considered of changing regulatory and commercial approaches. How can the Far East be made more appealing to investors and communications service providers? Which regulatory stimuli are required to make long-term investments in the digital infrastructure in the region more attractive?