Russia began to reform its household waste processing sector on 1 January 2019, with the aim of reducing the number of landfills, and making the market transparent and civilized. The Ecology national project sets out two key targets for this reform: increasing the percentage of processed waste from 12% to 60%, and recycled waste from 7% to 36% by 2024. In order to achieve this, there needs to be an overhaul of the way the waste management sector is financed. Public funds alone will not be sufficient to change the system private investment is also needed. Preliminary estimates put the amount of investment needed at RUB 200300 million. Long-term tariffs will be examined as a way of attracting this investment.