The key issue is CO2 emissions. All vessels should comply with certain regulatory standards. It all started with emission entrapment. Then they started using natural gas as fuel for piston engines. For the last 60 years, Russia has been developing a unique technology – nuclear energy. Civil and military vessels use quite a few nuclear reactors, which brings us the issue of safety. On the one hand, I believe this technology is among the most environment friendly, as it results in zero emissions. <...> This is probably one of the safest ways to deliver electricity and heat to coastal areas. If something happens, this plant can be taken further into the ocean, and everybody will remain safe — Alexey Rakhmanov, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, United Shipbuilding Corporation.
Nuclear energy is important for two reasons. We have been talking about Finnish investment and technologies, as well as transferring them to Russia. However, there is a reverse case – Hanhikivi Nuclear Power Plant. This is Russia’s largest investment in Finland. It is a huge investment. I would like this power plant to be completed as soon as possible, now that the other day the European Union acknowledged nuclear energy as clean energy. It means it falls under all other concepts, including renewable energy sources – hydrogen, wind, solar, and tidal. Nuclear energy is now among them — Sergei Ivanov, Special Presidential Representative for Environmental Protection, Ecology and Transport.
Today, natural gas is a global business. Hydrogen will also become a global business. Maybe hydrogen will be produced in the vicinity of the customer. This product needs to be generated in places where it will be used, while there is no infrastructure. Developing infrastructure and markets takes bold actions – it will help us use all ways of producing and selling hydrogen. Some are talking about the green technology. We need to develop the market regardless of colours. Then we will have infrastructure, and we will be able to switch to discussing the ways of using hydrogen and reducing CO2 emissions. As for developing it, I believe hydrogen and electricity will be moving forward hand in hand. This cross-sectoral aspect will be playing a greater role in developing this segment in general — Esa Antero Hyvarinen, Head of CEO Office, Fortum Corporation.