A socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of international conventions, congress, exhibitions, business, social and sporting, public, and cultural events.

The Roscongress Foundation is a socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, sporting, and cultural events. It was established in pursuance of a decision by the President of the Russian Federation.

The Foundation was established in 2007 with the aim of facilitating the development of Russia’s economic potential, promoting its national interests, and strengthening the country’s image. One of the roles of the Foundation is to comprehensively evaluate, analyse, and cover issues on the Russian and global economic agendas. It also offers administrative services, provides promotional support for business projects and attracting investment, and helps foster social entrepreneurship and charitable initiatives.

Each year, the Foundation’s events draw participants from 208 countries and territories, with more than 15,000 media representatives working on-site at Roscongress’ various venues. The Foundation benefits from analytical and professional expertise provided by 5000 people working in Russia and abroad. In addition, it works in close cooperation with 155 economic partners; industrialists’ and entrepreneurs’ unions; and financial, trade, and business associations from 75 countries worldwide.

The Roscongress Foundation has Telegram channels in Russian (t.me/Roscongress), English (t.me/RoscongressDirect), and Spanish (t.me/RoscongressEsp). Official website and Information and Analytical System of the Roscongress Foundation: roscongress.org.

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Global IT: Growth Resources
5 June 2021
08:30—09:45
KEY CONCLUSIONS
IT is moving towards companies’ being able to complement each other completely

The entire IT world is built more around partnership than around the final plug-in product and classic retail model. Even from a B2B point of view, retail is shrinking in a big way and entering into partner-based solutions. The roles of partners and networks are coming to the fore — Alexander Moiseev, Director of Business Development, Kaspersky Lab.

How can one create global platforms that impact the entire world? It is my personal opinion that it is completely impossible without open-source software. Modern platforms will not work if they belong to monopoly holders in the absence of multistakeholder governance [a decision-making practice in which the world community acts together — Editor]. Platforms cannot live without equal ownership. [...] Open-source software makes it possible even for enemies to work together. No trust is required to collaborate in open-source software — Vladimir Rubanov, Chief Technology Officer (CTO) for Software Development, Huawei R&D Russia.

ISSUES
The lack of high-qualified IT personnel, successfully trained in Russia, though in a lesser quantity than required

At present there is a shortage of personnel, of resources from the point of view of the personnel reserve. Yes, they are great — the best that exist. But it is a little difficult to find new developers — Alexander Moiseev, Director of Business Development, Kaspersky Lab.

There are many technical universities: this is the legacy of the school established in the 1960s. It is difficult for universities and faculty members to bring students up to a level that can compete on a commercial level. [...] Everyone becomes a good coder, but without a real grip on mathematics, which is bad. If we just focus on coding, we will lose our competitive advantage, which is to be thoughtful developers and to resolve complex problems — Vladimir Litoshenko, Senior Vice President, First Line Software.

In the future, everything will be open source. But how will we divide the fields, how will we compete? Influence in the international arena will be measured only by the number of people in a country who understand the relevant parts of global open-source projects and can continue to develop in any circumstances — Vladimir Rubanov, Chief Technology Officer (CTO) for Software Development, Huawei R&D Russia.

I call for immediate investment in education. We lack about a million IT specialists — Dmitry Komissarov, General Director, MyOffice.

Currency controls prevent developers from exporting their products overseas

Currency control is a real pain that has been tormenting us for 20 years. [...] We work in markets where late payment is the norm. As soon as this happens, the customer understands that it’s impossible not to sign additional agreements on payment schedule changes, otherwise it really gets out of hand. As soon as the client understands this, it’s total blackmail: they demand discounts, deferrals. As a result, the state punishes us twice — Igor Gorkov, General Director, Nexign.

In addition to internal and local features, there is also a history of sanctions, when payments are checked for a long time at each stage. As a result, payments come back, we sign additional agreements. We’ve had payments taking between 60 and 80 days, instead of the 10 it used to take. This is a serious problem, and it needs to be dealt with — Dmitry Dyrmovsky, General Director, Member of the Board of Directors, Speech Technology Centre.

Why do current currency control restrictions impede the development of this sector? We need to change this — Aleksandr Khinshtein, Chairman of the Committee of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on Information Policy, Information Technology and Communications.

SOLUTIONS
Russia can increase its presence in global IT by bringing its platform resources abroad

[It is necessary to — Editor] create outsourcing centres. [...] The state should play a huge role in this. If we go, let’s say, to Argentina and say that we do not sell just licenses but rather complete technologies and methodologies, then the effect will be much greater — Lev Matveev, Chairman of the Board of Directors, SearchInform.

I propose starting a long, difficult, long conversation about where, how, and with whom to build platform consortia together. This is an important conversation that has not happened for years. [...] Our companies, universities need to be in a centre like that; there should be an afterschool tech-class for children to study in; a physics and mathematics school, and then they’ll be ready for our universities — Andrey Bezrukov, President, Technological Sovereignty Exports Association; Professor, Department of Applied International Analysis, MGIMO University.

Delays and insurance should ease the currency control problem

Currency control: here I would like to say that a six-month delay does not reduce risks. The REC group has an export credit and insurance agency, which generally insures the risks of payment. I’m open to discussion — Maxim Kobin, Managing Director for Client Work, Russian Export Center.

Given the current state of the global fight against offshores, and with the current level of transparency that exists in terms of the exchange of tax data between different countries, it’s probably time, in principle, to abolish currency control, at least with those countries with which agreements on exchange of tax information work. If this is not possible for some reason, then even some simple measures would solve the root problem: for example, a delay or a grace period of six months for handling claims with clients, would greatly help all exporters — Igor Gorkov, General Director, Nexign.

To train the desired number of specialists, IT companies must work together with universities

For our part, we’d be willing to contribute as much as possible to this, on the coordination of your work together with these industry universities. We are negotiating with Rostelecom to open industry departments in universities. [...] Every digital university is interested in having either an industry department, or an office, or partners who will get a head start on hiring — Aleksandr Khinshtein, Chairman of the Committee of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on Information Policy, Information Technology and Communications.

The average age of teachers in our universities is quite high, but no one forbids large IT companies from going to the same universities as teachers. This is an exchange of experience, which will only work to our benefit when it comes to hiring specialists — Artem Sychev, First Deputy Director, Information Security Department, Bank of Russia.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS