Energy Sector Transformations
There is a demand among the global population for alternative energy sources
Today, there is a demand among the world’s population for improving the climate situation and reducing emissions as well as demand for environmental protection and more eco-friendly fuels. Of course, this process is inevitable, but much depends on the pace of energy transition. [...] More than 30 countries have already announced a transition to carbon neutrality — Alexander Novak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
We need energy transition in the interests of people and the planet. [...] We shouldn’t forget about all energy resources. We don’t need to change where we get energy from, but how we consume it. Our job is to humanize the use of energy and make it accessible to more people. [...] The style of collaboration is changing; it no longer just takes place between the private sector and governments, but between industry and people — Angela Wilkinson, Secretary General, Chief Executive Officer, World Energy Council (WEC).
Natural gas technologies will become the foundation of the new energy industry
In Russia, we are committed to both the development of traditional energy sources and diversification, while also taking into account the emergence of new markets, such as the liquefied natural gas markets, considering that in the future oil will also be actively used not as a fuel, but as a source to produce consumer goods — Alexander Novak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
Natural gas will help the energy industry make this transition, while remaining the foundation of the energy sector. [...] Today, methane is increasingly used as a fuel and this trend is on the rise — Oleg Aksyutin, Deputy Chairman of the Management Committee - Head of 623 Department, Gazprom.
Today there is no uniform understanding of how to technologically carry out energy transition
This scenario is appealing, but how are we going to make this transition? [...] It would be great if we could take advantage of the potential that this transition period provides us so that we can make humanity happy regardless of where people live — Abdulaziz bin Salman Al Saud, Minister of Energy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
A lot depends on technology. If it appears, it will develop in this direction. Storage and digital technologies, CO2 capture and disposal technologies, hydrogen utilization. We talk a lot about this, but, unfortunately, so far there are few technologies that can be commercialized. They are not yet competitive. We need to work on this — Alexander Novak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
Development of alternative energy sources is risky from a financial standpoint
Everyone read the forecast of the International Energy Agency and the recommendations that funding for new investment projects in the oil, gas, and coal industries needs to stop starting from 2021. But I can’t imagine [...] what will happen? Oil prices will probably be USD 200. [...] We must take a more responsible approach to the proposals that are made in this regard — Alexander Novak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
We are talking about huge amounts that are generated in the energy sector. [...] It is important to consider what they can be spent on [...] and understand what technologies need to be developed and improved in order to neutralize all fears — Abdulaziz bin Salman Al Saud, Minister of Energy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
We need to improve traditional technologies and not rely solely on new energy sources
We need to calculate more accurately whether there will be sufficient new energy sources – sun, wind, hydrogen – to cover these needs. Obviously, their share will grow, but we shouldn’t abandon existing energy sources today. We need to make sure that these energy sources are also eco-friendly — Alexander Novak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
If we use composite materials, it will also have a very strong impact on the environment from a positive point of view because less CO2 is emitted during their production — Andrey Ryumin, General Director, Chairman of the Management Board, Rosseti.
We need to unlock the unused potential of existing energy capacity
To date, there is no alternative to hydro-accumulation on the planet. [...] Russia has utilized 20% of its hydro potential. We were lagging two times behind a number of countries such as China and Brazil, and four times behind more developed economies. We have room to develop — Viktor Khmarin, Chairman of the Management Board, General Director, RusHydro.
The future is also in nuclear energy. [...] Power generation from nuclear sources at nuclear power plants is the lowest based on its carbon footprint: 6 grams per 1 kilowatt per hour of CO2 equivalent, while solar is 80 grams and wind is 14 grams […] Russia will be working on developing small nuclear generation […] for the production of nuclear energy in small units – from 5 to 100 megawatts — Alexander Novak, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
The gas we have needs to be used more efficiently and more environmentally. [...] Today, three-quarters of hydrogen is produced from methane around the world. Today these technologies [...] are less expensive — Oleg Aksyutin, Deputy Chairman of the Management Committee - Head of 623 Department, Gazprom.
The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS