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Global Competitive Position and Export Potential for Russian Education
6 June 2019
11:00—12:15
KEY CONCLUSIONS
Export of education is a factor of social and economic development and international recognition

Russia plans to be one of the most developed countries in education export. Export of education is necessary, because thus we get external, independent and very interesting evaluation of the quality of our educational programmes; support for our labour market. Development of the labour market is related to demographic processes that we need to maintain. The university is a driver of city and regional agglomeration — Mikhail Kotyukov, Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

If you disseminate knowledge and information outside your country, you create an environment and raise the quality bar for both the university and the city — Marco Bucci, Mayor of Genoa.

China has established relations of educational exchange with 188 countries and regions, and 46 international organizations. <…> Today China is the most popular Asian country for further education. In 2018, 492,000 students from 196 countries studied in 1,004 universities, research institutes and other educational establishments in China; 50% of them will get a degree — Liu Limin, Chairman, China Association for International Exchange in Education.

Russia presented to the world one of the largest exported products in education. Very few understand [the importance, – Ed.] of academic and educational tradition of the Soviet period that was taken away by emigrants from the USSR and Russia — Lawrence Stein, Vice President for Intellectual Property and International Business Community Relations, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech).

Russian education is competitive in the world

48 Russian universities are represented in the top 1,000 best universities in the world. <…> We already have educational programmes that are even in the top twenty, and this is an external independent evaluation of the quality of our educational programmes — Mikhail Kotyukov, Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

Online technologies offer new opportunities in education, but they cannot replace traditional learning

Online education is an alternative to traditional learning. <…> It is a modification of part-time education. In Russia 33% of students study part-time; it is obvious that if we switch these programmes to online courses by the leading universities, we will significantly invest in the quality of their education — Yaroslav Kuzminov, Rector, National Research University Higher School of Economics .

Physical presence of a student is crucial. Distance learning will not substitute it in the near future — Svetlana Yachevskaya, Deputy Chairman of the Management Board – Member of the Management Board, State Development Corporation "VEB.RF".

Technologies erase the boundaries between the physical and the virtual. On the one hand, any university can always be global: there is software that allows to hold online conferences for 5,000 people. <…> On the other hand, there should be places where people gather, communicate, have ‘Socratic’ dialogues that nurture humanity, lay foundation for the values and the professional community — Eduard Galazhinsky, Rector, National Research Tomsk State University.

Digital distance learning is crucial for universities, especially the prestigious ones – their education is now available for everyone. <…> But equally important is the offline learning, when people meet, develop connections and relationships. That is how an academic community is formed — Shayne Rauf, Columbia University.

ISSUES
Underfinancing

If we compare all state-financed sectors in the last 20 years, universities would be the most underfinanced. <…> Our system of higher education is critically underfinanced — Maksim Reshetnikov, Acting Governor of Perm Territory.

SOLUTIONS
Combination of traditional and online education

It is very important to develop the blended learning [combination of online and offline education, – Ed.] format in Russia, because we need to compete with educational systems that are more resourceful than the Russian one. We need to focus on this — Yaroslav Kuzminov, Rector, National Research University Higher School of Economics .

Development of public-private partnership in education

The right combination of [actions] by business and by state will help not only implement the national ‘Education’ project in a proper and efficient manner, but also create a new educational reality. <…> We have suggested a financial model for increasing the number of foreign students that could study in Russia that uses public-private partnership. <…> It is important to us to make this project interesting for investors — Svetlana Yachevskaya, Deputy Chairman of the Management Board – Member of the Management Board, State Development Corporation "VEB.RF".

Standardization of educational quality

High quality of education is the core and the key factor for attracting foreign students. We are actively promoting the standardization of the quality of education for foreign students in China — Liu Limin, Chairman, China Association for International Exchange in Education.

Strengthening the role of regions in the management of universities

Let us strengthen the role of regions in the management of universities. Not all of them are willing to go to export and develop, and those that are willing do not have the resources. When we plan to invest tens of billions of roubles in culture, urban environment and improvement, and at the same time we do not plan to invest a dime in education, who do we do that for? We need to change our approaches — Maksim Reshetnikov, Acting Governor of Perm Territory.

Investment in creation of favourable learning environment

[As for the development of university campuses, – Ed.] we need to select the universities that are key to the national education and build dormitories located in the pedestrian availability — Yaroslav Kuzminov, Rector, National Research University Higher School of Economics .

The key driver for a university is a community of a certain type. When designing a campus, we need to take into account the type of community that we want to generate at this university and create the right environment. In turn, this will change the city. Such projects should ideologically become a core for changing urban environment — Eduard Galazhinsky, Rector, National Research Tomsk State University.

The success of, for example, Californian universities is defined not only by the way they teach, but also by the way they live — Marco Bucci, Mayor of Genoa.

A campus and a university are not only an economic environment. It would be stupid to build a campus so that it pays off immediately. <…> A campus is built to teach people who are to become future leaders; it will pay off, but in a longer term — Marco Bucci, Mayor of Genoa.

It is crucial to involve students on the stage of predevelopment analysis [creation of university campuses, – Ed.] — Alena Parfenova, Senior Lecturer, Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS