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Mega Science Infrastructure to Create the Industry of the Future
7 June 2019
17:00—18:15
KEY CONCLUSIONS
Mega Science is a sign of a developed state

Without these facilities [the Mega Science ones, – Ed.] we will never get to the leaders’ level in terms of building a new economy. <…> Instruments-wise Mega Science is a great foundation to ensure development — Andrey Fursenko, Aide to the President of the Russian Federation.

Mega Science involves large complex and expensive facilities. Many countries view them as an important element that helps them demonstrate their technological development and ambitions. Many countries that strive for technological development immediately go for a Mega Science facility. It shows that this country is on the path of technological development and can afford to maintain it — Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of Kurchatov Institute National Research Centre.

Developing Mega Science is important for the economy and the society

Mega Science is a real need of both the economy and the society — Andrey Fursenko, Aide to the President of the Russian Federation.

Mega Science can be absolutely intabgible during its first years and decades, but later it will become an enormous step forward for the whole humanity — Yuriy Balega, Vice-President, Russian Academy of Sciences .

At this point, development of such physico-chemical or physico-technological fields as catalysis and synergetics, medicine and bioindustry, chemical technologies and materials science is not possible without Mega Science, without experiments, research and results obtained through Mega Science facilities — Valery Buhtiyarov, Director, Federal Research Center "Institute of Catalysis named after G.K. Boreskov of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences".

As of today, basically there are no organisms that would consume gas-phase substrates and produce useful substances. We need to use methods of synthetic biology and metabolic engineering to understand how ferments that turn carbon dioxide into useful substances work. Mega Science facilities can tell us how those ferments work, and most importantly how to improve them to make this process more efficient — Aleksandr Yanenko, Director, State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms of the National Research Centre ‘Kurchatov Institute’.

Russia has made a significant contribution to Mega Science development

The contribution of our country – no matter how it was called – in creating Mega Science infrastructure is huge and universally acknowledged — Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of Kurchatov Institute National Research Centre.

ISSUES
R&D lacks certain competencies

Over the recent years, the part of the R&D complex related to fundamental and applied matters ceased to respond to new challenges. <…> Scientists of the R&D complex can now spell out the need for the competencies that have never been created within the R&D complex — Aydar Ishmukhametov, Director General, Chumakov Federal Scientific Center for Research and Development of Immune and Biological Products of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Excessive regulation

As of today, we have a certain structure that prevents us from opening up opportunities. From this point of view, my hands always get shaky when I hear about the time it takes to introduce innovations — Alexey Rakhmanov, United Shipbuilding Corporation President .

SOLUTIONS
Using Mega Science for industrial needs

Mega Science facilities should be available for large-scale research, as well as be the infrastructure for industrial and practical needs — Mikhail Kotyukov, Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

Our division is always in touch with the industry, because we understand that science needs to transform into something with new approaches, new technologies, and new products — Valery Buhtiyarov, Director, Federal Research Center "Institute of Catalysis named after G.K. Boreskov of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences".

Setting more ambitious objectives

We need to set a more ambitious objective for ourselves than just doing something we already know and have already done. Otherwise it would be an inadequate objective. That is why we think that resolving a complex design, assembly or start-up problem for this type of equipment would take us setting the bar much higher and creating something that does not yet exist — Mikhail Kotyukov, Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

Preparing scientists to work with Mega Science facilities

Any Mega Science facility takes some 10–15 years build, which means it will be today’s postgraduate students, or next young specialists, or even today’s high school graduates who will get work with it. It has been several years since we started annual synchrotron and neutron research schools that bring together 100 people representing Russia, Germany and Sweden – above all – to listen to lectures on latest results in this field — Mikhail Rychev, Distinguished Advisor to the Administrative Director, European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (European XFEL GmbH).

International online cooperation

Let’s create online cooperation, some sort of real-time communication — Talal Abu-Ghazaleh, Founder, Chairman, Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Global (TAG.Global) .

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS