In addition to its large-scale industry and densely populated urban areas, the Asia-Pacific Region boasts many unique natural habitats, and is home to extremely rare animal and plant species: the Amur leopard, Siberian tiger, grey whale, oriental stork, and many other endemic varieties of flora and fauna. If the region manages to attract investment to implement major projects, this could pose serious threats to its environment and biodiversity. At the same time, there are numerous tools that can be used to help maintain a balance between the economy and the environment. The Russian Far East could become a pilot region in terms of attracting green and environmentally-friendly investment. The countries in the region and businesses operating there are increasingly aware of the need to protect biodiversity as part of their overall strategy. It has been suggested that a common approach to maintaining the ecological balance in the region needs to be discussed. What do the Asia-Pacific countries need to do to preserve biodiversity in the region? How can the interests and capacities of all stakeholders (states, businesses and local populations) be taken into account in developing a green economy? What biodiversity programmes have already proved effective? What requirements do investors in the Russian Far East currently have to meet from an ecological point of view? What economic mechanisms might enable us to maintain the regions unique natural environment?