One of the key elements of the strategic planning system established by Federal Law No. 172-FZ is the Strategy for the Spatial Development of the Russian Federation a fundamentally new document on management and planning practices in Russia which combines both strategic and regional planning approaches. The strategy defines the priorities, aims, and objectives for securing comprehensive development in Russias regions. It focuses on supporting a sustainable housing system throughout the country and overcoming infrastructural barriers restricting socioeconomic development. The first stage of developing the strategy was its concept: a document identifying the main approaches for the new spatial development of Russia. What possible scenarios will arise from further spatial development, and what are the long-term effects of these scenarios? How can balanced spatial development be ensured? Are there any substantial challenges related to a national housing system? How can an organization working in this field influence the quality of investments?