Russian exports have expanded in recent years and improved in structure. The share of non-commodity, non-energy exports is up 4% for the year, reaching 38% of the total in 2016, while China has become the biggest importer of Russian non-commodity products. Despite sanctions, the European Union remains the leading trading partner in absolute terms, with Russian non-commodity exports to EU countries exceeding USD 26.7 billion, while the US ranks fourth. Is the growth of non-energy supplies a consequence of changing global demand or a structural issue? Is the current geographical distribution of exports balanced, and what is the potential of the EAEU market for exports? And will China grow to overtake the EU as Russias main export market?