In 2016, economic relations between Russia and Japan received a fresh boost. Russian and Japanese businesses are already working together on projects in the priority areas set out in the plan to develop cooperation agreed by the countries leaders. Development institutes and incentives available to foreign investors, including special investment contracts, increase the appeal of realizing investment projects in Russia. What additional tools could be introduced to promote the development of cooperation at an intense pace? Which optimal investment and technological solutions is it important to support?