Germany remains Russias most important trading partner, having consistently figured in the top three countries in terms of trade with Russia, despite the decline in trade turnover between the two countries to USD 45.8 billion in 2015. Overcoming external differences is key to developing the bilateral relationship. A number of institutional initiatives are under way, aimed at strengthening dialogue and stabilizing the rules of the game. These include special investment contracts and the Agency for Technology Transfer. The business community has kick-started business platforms designed to overcome existing economic issues and barriers. The revival of the RussianGerman strategic working group was an important milestone. What new forms of mutually beneficial cooperation could be useful in restoring trade to its former level? How can the potential and efficiency of existing tools be unlocked? How can trade and economic ties be maintained without losing trust?