Lawmaking is a multifaceted process in which the creation (amendment, cessation) of statutes and the corresponding procedures by which participants cooperate are equally important. The goal of lawmaking in the fuel and energy sector is to increase the reliability and accessibility of the energy supply for all consumers across all constituent entities of the Russian Federation. All branches and levels of government are engaged in this process: the President of the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation, federal executive bodies, legislative and executive bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and courts. The constitution is the basis for the establishment and development of cooperation between the various branches and levels of government in modern Russia and for the joint work that has now been carried out for over 25 years on the adoption of laws that directly regulate or affect relations in the energy sector. How can cooperation be enhanced between key players in the lawmaking process? Which best practices can be replicated when it comes to strengthening the role of the legislative bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and their involvement in the agenda of the fuel and energy sector at the federal level? Which countries can Russia learn from in terms of how the authorities and the fuel and energy business community work together in the lawmaking process?