The objective worsening of conditions for mining, a decrease in the output of new boreholes, and an increase in the water content over the next 15 years will lead to an annual increase in operational expenses and a simultaneous fall in oil extraction. To prevent the fall in investment in the extraction sector, a range of mineral tax benefits and special rates for export duties are being put forward. As of 1 January 2019, a tax scheme has come into effect introducing a windfall profits tax on hydrocarbon production, which is designed to partly take into account the real economics of extraction when imposing taxes. To attract additional investment to the oil extraction sector for 20192024 and prevent a reduction in extraction, a roadmap has been developed to implement measures aimed at exploring oil reserves and increasing the volume of oil extraction in the Russian Federation. What are the anticipated results of taking an inventory of oil reserves in terms of the economic efficiency of mining those oil reserves given the current tax conditions? What is the potential for additional extraction and for essential measures to incentivize oil extraction in regions where extraction has traditionally taken place? What incentives for the use of tertiary oil recovery techniques in the oil industry must be implemented to maximize the use of this resources potential? Which incentives are essential for mining small deposits?