The events unfolding before us in the global energy sector are nothing short of a revolution. The rapid development of technologies and increasingly stringent environmental standards are creating new scenarios for the development of the global fuel and energy industry. Just 30 years ago, the future of the coal industry appeared safe and certain. With the depletion of hydrocarbon reserves, it was coal that was supposed to take up the mantel as the main source of energy for households, transport and industry, and as a raw material for the chemical industry. Yet today, in connection with the global climate agenda and the latest industrial revolution, the coal industry is set to be quickly wound down, first in Europe, and then in other parts of the world. How strong are the arguments against the development of the coal industry globally? Does the development of the industry run counter to the UN Sustainable Development Goals? Which industry trends are most attractive to investors? Which coal markets are showing the highest growth? Does the industry expect any new scientific breakthroughs? Where is the potential for future growth in the coal industry? What can the industry do to help to restore public confidence in coal?