Humanity is on the cusp of a new technological cycle. The scope of changes and the complexity of solutions to be introduced within the new industrial revolution differ from those of previous global transformations. In the light of the new reality, demand for electricity will continue to grow given that, according to the UN data, one in five people have no access to this energy carrier. Over one billion people, most of whom live in rural areas, suffer from energy poverty. The global community is witnessing the trends of the 4th Industrial Revolution while suffering the consequences of the third one. Modern states are bound to seek solutions to universal energy challenges and shape their energy policies while keeping in mind the rapidly changing technologies and environmental issues. As part of the panel session, the speakers will identify the capacity of scientific and technological potential to modernize and digitalize universal energy systems and evaluate the role of researchers in solving global energy issues. How can science assist in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals in energy? What are the necessary stages of a full-scale digital transformation of the fuel and energy sector? Can advanced technologies for extracting, processing, and storing energy resources be developed during a transition to a new philosophy of energy consumption? How is it possible to increase the efficiency of traditional energy systems and ensure greater security in the energy supply? And finally, what are the chances that disruptive technologies for boosting the transition to clean energy will appear?