Many countries are prioritizing the development of renewable energy as the basis for low-carbon economic growth. Today, 11 million people are employed in the renewable energy industry worldwide and more and more countries are discovering the benefits of renewable energy. National support programmes, coupled with cost reductions due to technological progress and the need to respond to the challenges of climate change have caused a sharp increase in the generation of renewable energy and growth in employment in the industry. Renewable energy facilitates the development of sought-after technologies not only in solar and wind energy generation, but also in energy storage, the hydrogen cycle, energy efficiency in buildings, smart technologies, electric transport and e-mobility, and more. These sectors ultimately enhance peoples quality of life. At the same time, having scaled up significantly, the development of renewable energy sources throughout the world is also facing serious economic challenges with regard to state budgets and consumers. The challenges include restrictions on the siting of renewable energy facilities, equipment disposal, and environmental consequences. How can the global renewable energy industry respond to these challenges in order to maintain its high rates of growth? What technological breakthroughs can be expected in renewable energy? When will people see their lives improve as a result of the advent of renewable energy? What challenges does the Russian renewable energy industry need to address and what measures have been proposed to increase the share of renewable energy in the export of technologies?