The formation of energy law at an institutional level in modern-day Russia took place over several stages: the delineation of powers between various levels of governance by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the implementation of acts of the USSR and RSFSR; the adoption of federal and regional-level laws and bylaws and municipal regulations governing relations in the fuel and energy sector; the enforcement and identification of problems and gaps, the drawing up of key issues as part of legal and anticorruption appraisals; the development of energy law as an academic-adjacent discipline; and the examples of successful training programmes implemented at leading Russian universities. Policymaking as a whole, including in the fuel and energy sector, has come a long way in Russia over the last 25 years, but is now facing new challenges and undergoing a transformation. The agenda includes conceptual legislative changes: reforming regulatory and oversight activities, working on a new Code of Administrative Offences, and implementing the regulatory guillotine. How will energy law be impacted by these changes? What are the possible routes towards transformation, and what forms will it take? What aspects of regulation should be left untouched, and where is it completely out of date?