The global and, by extension, Russian energy systems are currently undergoing a period of global digital transformation. Each year, the industry sees the launch of new and improved facilities and complexes for the extraction, processing, generation, and transmission of energy in its various forms. Meanwhile, digital duplicates of these systems are being made in the interest of increasing efficiency data is being collected at every turn in order to create, in the long run, a federal information system for the fuel and energy industry that helps us to better understand how the sector should develop in the future. The pilot version of the Russian Federal State Information System for the Fuel and Energy Sector (GIS TEK), which is tasked with collecting and analyzing data, was launched in May this year and is expected to enter into full operation in early 2020. Over 50 major Russian energy companies and 600 legal entities are currently involved in this process. Those numbers will continue to grow. Infrastructure industries, regions, equipment manufacturers, and the financial sector must coordinate their efforts in order to successfully take on a task of this scale. What role do regional authorities play in the creation of a unified state information space for Russias fuel and energy industry? What unified approaches and automated processes need to be launched so that the GIS TEK is capable of efficiently and effectively collecting data and analyzing massive amounts of information? What is the current state of industry processes for the preparation and monitoring of fuel and energy industry companies investment projects and programmes, and what issues do they currently face? Who will be required to submit data to the GIS TEK? How should this data be prepared and secured? How will information globalization improve big data analytics and affect energy systems optimization?