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Renewable Energy in Russia: Current State and Future Prospects
5 October 2018
12:00—13:15
KEY CONCLUSIONS
Renewable energy will gradually replace traditional energy

In 2006, 45 countries had created their own renewable energy support system. In 2018, there are more than 170 such countries, i.e. basically the whole world [...] [In Russia], we did not have a country support system in 2006. Today, as we all know, we do. The Russian Federation appears very modest against this backdrop, so as not to use other words and terms — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

The basis for developing a strategy is network parity [...] Since strategically we can already all see that renewable energy is decreasing in price, and thermal energy is growing in price, getting to this point is inevitable. Moreover, a number of countries have already passed it. In the Russian Federation, we will pass this point at a later time for obvious reasons, but it will also be passed — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

Russia has enormous potential for solar and wind energy

Russia is a cold country, but it’s not dark in every sense of the word [...] In this sense, Russia’s natural potential in terms of the sun is very significant. It is far from being confined solely to the southern regions alone [...] [In Russia], not only Krasnodar or the southern regions are higher [in latitude] than Berlin, but Chelyabinsk, Buryatia, Altai, Saratov, and others are higher than Berlin. Like all of Germany, Berlin is the world leader in solar energy [...] In terms of wind potential, the Russian Federation is the number one country on the planet — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

Russia will introduce over 5,000 MW of new power generation in 5 years

By 2024, the Russian Federation will build if not 5,400, then 5,200 MW of new power generation facilities. I do not see any insurmountable problems. The train is chugging along, rolling along the rails, and will go where it needs to go. Everything has been built — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

Solar, as the first of the three industries that was launched, has passed through all three stages. The selection process has taken place. The plant has been built. Not only our plant. The technology has been upgraded. This year, Hevel made its first fairly successful exports abroad. Wind is a little behind, but we’ll get through it, then the garbage will be recycled. I would rate the overall picture at about 65% [readiness level] today, keeping in mind that it will be brought to completion by 2024 — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

The RES sector has a huge investment potential

This project was created under investment demand of RUB 700 billion. The numbers are quite serious [...] Everything that I have said so far only applies to the wholesale electricity market. If we are talking seriously, then in addition to the pillar called the wholesale market, there is also the retail market and there are also isolated systems. There is still work to do there — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

Investment potential of RUB 1 trillion is a serious thing on a national scale. We have analysed its impact on GDP in the country. There are two groups of studies: the minimum estimate is 0.1% and the maximum is 0.5% — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

ISSUES
Russia is lagging behind other countries in the use of RES

We produce 60 million tonnes of garbage each year. The country has total processing capacity of 800,000 tonnes. Unfortunately, it so happens that none of these plants are included in the support system [...] In America, 7% of garbage is processed into electricity, while in Sweden, it’s as much as 50%. At any event, it is absolutely clear that our parameters are no good here — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

SOLUTIONS
Creation of a new RES technology cluster

We are proposing a basic category of clusters that include generation, production, R&D, and education [...] In the Russian Federation, we need a holistic, self-producing, balanced cluster with export potential by 2035 — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

In order to maintain production and R&D, we need to get [power supply agreements] in the amount of 10 GW for the second period in 2025–2035 — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

The use of new technologies in renewable energy

Microgeneration will take place in smart cities and in construction. There will be build-in [technology]. This is the next stage of development of solar, when solar panels will be built into the building. Another idea — transparable — involves a window that does not darken and at the same time is a solar battery that generates electricity. All these wonderful prospects that I have described are not for 2018, but for 2020–2025 — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

State support

The basis for the whole renewable energy industry that is emerging before our eyes is the complex, serious, and solid support system that has been built in the country. Once again, I would like to stress that the competitive nature of applications for power supply agreements is a fundamental advantage of the state support system that has been created in the Russian Federation — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

We are talking about dozens of government resolutions and directives, a large number of documents from the Ministry of Industry, the Ministry of Energy, etc. that were adopted and created the entire support system — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

Expanding investment opportunities

We are getting close to solving a fundamental problem called letting Russian private pension funds join investment partnerships, including in wind-renewable energy. We welcome the fact that there has been progress — Anatoliy Chubais, Chairman of the Executive Board, RUSNANO Corporation.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS