Despite the positive results achieved by environmental protection measures in recent years, the ecological situation in the coal sector remains critical. In order to reduce the negative impact of coal production companies, it is necessary for them to work systemically with regional governments to transition to best available technologies. How is this transition progressing? Will comprehensive ecological permits serve as a consolidated document to regulate the level at which coal companies impact the environment? Which areas of Russias environmental legislation need to be modernized with regards coal production? What problems exist in terms of decommissioning underground and surface mines in light of current Russian legislation? What is the effect of currently operating and closing companies on the hydrogeological and geodynamic situation in the region?