The development of the worlds energy industry is increasingly sensitive to new technological trends. The degree to which digital solutions are implemented in fuel and energy companies is becoming one of the core drivers of their competitiveness in the global arena. Today, all major Russian fuel and energy companies have actively joined the technological race and are already demonstrating the initial results of implementing pilot projects. However, current work only constitutes the first, local steps for the digital transformation of the Russian energy sector. The transition of the entire industry to the digital track requires a fundamentally new approach to the creation and implementation of intelligent solutions. What challenges and opportunities does the digitalization of energy present? How may we ensure that a systemic effect is achieved across the entire energy industry through the introduction of digital solutions by individual companies? Do we need a common digital space, and if so, who would be its key actors? What is the role of the state in the digitalization of energy? How may the concept of digitization be synchronized with different industry representatives?