One of the most technologically conservative industries coal mining is also undergoing an industrial revolution. This revolution is largely being driven by information technology. The current technological revolution under way in numerous countries around the globe calls for the implementation of the so called Industry 4.0 Programme. As one of the fundamental areas of this programme, digital modelling will be applied in production processes, including through employing relevant data obtained using a virtual model of the surrounding physical world. How is coal being brought into the digital era? How is the digital transformation of coal production progressing? What stage is the coal industry digitalization process currently at? To what extent are coal companies IT strategies in line with todays requirements for the global coal mining sector?