Today there are two global risks: sanctions and cyber risks. Moreover, reinsurance companies exclude the latter from the insurance list. Indeed, as we know, a single cyberattack can affect not only one company, but the entire global market — Natalya Karpova, Deputy Chairman of the Board, Russian National Reinsurance Company.
Naturally, sanctions have a rather serious effect on the oil and gas sector. It’s connected with virtually every aspect — exploration, extraction, refining, transportation, etc. [...] Projects have been suspended not only offshore, but also those involving hard-to-recover reserves — Victor Khaikov, President, National Oil and Gas Service Association.
Climate risks are a highly multifaceted thing. On the one hand, we need — and this is already being done — a wide range of insurance products that deal with this issue in one way or another. First and foremost, global warming and weather anomalies that somehow affect the infrastructure of companies, industries, pipelines, and many other things. I know that a number of Western companies have already included their products in the range of services that are offered as a financial hedge for the problem of climate risks — Sergey Roginko, Head of the Ecology and Development Centre of the Institute of Europe at the Russian Academy of Sciences .
Despite the fact that the products already exist, the market is not yet quite ready to introduce cyber insurance [...] It’s clear that cyber risks are the most dangerous risk of the future [...] We don’t fully understand cyber risks in terms of how to evaluate them and how to evaluate their possible accumulation — Natalya Karpova, Deputy Chairman of the Board, Russian National Reinsurance Company.
We have virtually lost sight of the development of our own technologies and our own service technology companies in the oil and gas sector [...] Thus, the industry has become dependent on foreign technologies, foreign contractors, etc. [...] It is also very important to give priorities to Russian companies in procurements, at the very least to state-owned companies. In doing so, they will be able to compete with foreign companies — Victor Khaikov, President, National Oil and Gas Service Association.
Oil and gas companies have seen their profit margins decline by 1.6 percentage points since 2014 primarily due to the introduction of a new tax policy and not due to the influence of sanctions. At the same time, the imposition of sanctions has changed the debt and liability structure of companies in the oil and gas industry, as we are seeing an increase in the share of rouble-denominated borrowings (from 13% to 41%) and the share of bonds (from 40% to 66%). The geography of borrowing has also changed — the share of borrowing from non-residents has decreased and there has been a redirecting from Western banks to Chinese counterparties — Natalya Porokhova, Head of Research and Forecasting Group, Analytical Credit Rating Agency (ACRA).
At present, there is basically already a government decree in force that gives priority in state procurements and procurements by state-owned companies to Russian manufacturers of goods, works, and services at a 15% [discount] in price compared with foreign companies [...] But it does not work for all intents and purposes — Victor Khaikov, President, National Oil and Gas Service Association.
We are currently working on introducing smarter meters and so on. This will be done in a centralized manner. Maybe these platforms need to be included in this programme [...] The introduction of smart meters is inevitable. A large share of the components will be produced in the Russian Federation — Vladimir Feigin, President, Institute for Energy and Finance.
We are now seeing companies come in that are starting to insure their supplies and purchases for a month or two or three, which was not the case before [...] The tool of exchange contracts exists. It is now having obvious success for the Russian stock exchange [...] In this case, we have launched successful contracts on the domestic market because there are oil companies that are interested in promoting fixed-term contracts. In doing so, they see the prospect of selling their goods for a month or two or three or up to a year in advance in order to generate their income in the future — Nikita Zakharov, Head of the Derivatives Market Development Department at the St. Petersburg International Mercantile Exchange .
There are new [technologies], electric cars, and many other things emerging now that are a problem to be solved. To do this, we need to establish new cybersecurity standards. We must take into account all the costs that are required for the transition to all these devices, which will work differently, and all other things that are associated with the management of these new devices, which previously did not exist at all. [...] All this can be solved through the use of blockchain technology — Oriol Pujoldevall, Senior Associate, Affiliate Engagement and Business Development, Energy Web Foundation.