The development of the countrys fuel and energy complex cannot be achieved without accelerated growth and efficient use of human capital. Seeing human resources and human capital as assets that can play a key role in increasing competitiveness should become standard features of the corporate culture of companies in the fuel and energy complex. The challenge is to ensure that the best global and Russian corporate practices in terms of staff training and development are widely disseminated, and that Russian higher educational institutions join the ranks of the worlds best universities in the field. Which human resources management models are the most encouraging, and could become an additional driver for economic development, as well as influencing national security? Will knowledge, technology, and expertise become a competitive advantage in the modern world? Considering the globalization of educational services, is high-quality education and its accessibility a resource for the countrys development and for ensuring social justice? What innovative tools contribute to the comprehensive improvement of the educational system and the upgrading of specialists skills, in view of the challenges of the modern age? What kind of conditions may contribute to motivating young people to innovate, and to reveal their creative and scientific potential?