The historic OPEC+ agreement has brought energy prices back in line with their fundamentals and made the energy markets more predictable. As a result, the attractiveness of energy projects as an investment has increased. Middle Eastern countries are not only the leading producers of energy resources, but also the leading investors in the energy sector. They have accumulated vast experience, and the geographical locations of their investments have for a long time stretched beyond the borders of the Middle East region. Alongside RDIF, Middle Eastern investors have begun to invest in the Russian energy sector. What makes these investments attractive for them, how will these investments be implemented and what is required to ensure the successful implementation of joint projects?