Over the past five years, many regions have made significant breakthroughs in healthcare provision, but the quality of and access to care still varies widely. Reductions in mortality rates from major causes (cardiovascular diseases, cancer) are uneven across the country. The Russian Ministry of Healthcare has defined new medium-term priorities for Russian healthcare, including some which explicitly target the issues facing Russias regions, such as improving access to healthcare in remote areas and addressing the shortage of healthcare professionals. How should regions use these healthcare priorities to set their own medium-term goals? What is the most effective way to share best practices between regions, especially in terms of reducing mortality rates from major causes? How can we improve the quality of doctors, especially in primary care? How can we improve the supply of medicines to remote areas?