Project management in the public sector has already ceased to be considered a new management paradigm; it can now be said with some certainty that project management is the next important stage in establishing a management culture within government bodies. Analyses of practices for implementing project management within the public and corporate sectors reveal how far the development of decision-making systems has progressed, how well established tools for the non-material motivation of project participants have become, and how tools are used to rank projects on the basis of their social significance, level of complexity, and so on. All of this demonstrates that project management is fully compatible with the established system and organizational structure of the public sector and achieves positive results, including from the point of view of attracting investors to implement new projects. Could project management in the public sector serve as an engine for solving priority state issues? What regional and corporate experience could be used in Russia to help establish an effective project management system in the public sector?