What do we call major challenges? These are the problems and opportunities to which we cannot respond to within the existing order of things. The problems, tasks, opportunities are so significant that they require another scientific and technological approach. The key problem is to move on to another logic of our coexistence with nature — Andrey Fursenko, Aide to the President of the Russian Federation.
The way we use natural resources today, how we burn them, is of great concern, so it is especially important for us to consider biology, nature and promote more sustainable industrial development — Badr Al-Olama, Head of the Organizing Committee, Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit.
In the middle of the XIX century most of the population was rural and worked to serve a small industrial part. The ways of production in agriculture required a large number of people. Some time ago, 2% of the rural population provided for everyone else. They were pushed out of agriculture into industry. Today the exact same thing is happening in the industry that happened in agriculture a hundred years ago —people are no longer necessary — Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of Kurchatov Institute National Research Centre.
There is a missing link in the strategic choice of Industry 4.0. <...> A lot of labour resources will be released, but this will be the labour resources of the elite. And what about the middle class? Highly developed countries will engage in high-tech work, but what will the rest do? These issues need to be discussed — Olga Memedovic, Chief Business Environment, Cluster and Innovation Division, Department of Trade, Investment and Innovation, UNIDO.
The world population is growing and by 2050 will reach the figure of 10 billion people. For mankind it is necessary to produce more energy. But at the same time, energy production is a very big problem, because this is the first cause of climate change — Christophe Behar, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Development Director, FAYAT.
In pursuit of research and scientific results we can create what will be a risk. Today risks arise not for specific people or groups of people, but for the entire human population — Anna Popova, Deputy General Director, IBS.
Civilization has come to a threshold beyond which lies the exhaustion of all kinds of resources. This requires a new way of life, a new concept of responsible development — Alexander Dynkin, President, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences.
In the field of nature-like technologies, we need to use three things. The first is to understand how nature behaves. The second is to imitate it with the help of new technology, and the third is to use it for industrial purposes. We must use different scientific disciplines while working on this subject — Christophe Behar, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Development Director, FAYAT.
The first stage in the formation of nature-like technologies is the fusion of our high-technology capabilities with our understanding of the design of living life — Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of Kurchatov Institute National Research Centre.
At this stage it is necessary to rebuild the whole system of education, starting with primary school. We must teach children to think in a convergent, interdisciplinary way, but at the same time we must preserve our school of profound knowledge of physics and mathematics — Vladislav Panchenko, Chairman, Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR).
Supranational control over technology is needed. It may and should be introduced in on one country, but this is not enough, because there are no borders. We need a prediction on what we are doing before releasing it to the environment — Anna Popova, Deputy General Director, IBS.