The world is undergoing a substantial transformation on account of new technologies radical changes are affecting virtually every part of our lives. Traditional business models and processes are changing in a number of sectors ranging from agriculture to healthcare. The economy is going digital, and the digital transition is an important item on the agenda and a current priority for the Russian Federation. Russia already has a programme for the development of the digital economy until 2024. How can the state and business most effectively carry out the digital transformation? In what ways will the state and business be transformed in the new reality? What aspects should be considered in creating an infrastructure for the development of the new economy? Is the widespread model of partnerships between market players justifying its effectiveness, or are there more promising models? How can the digital infrastructure be extended to the regions of Russia, and how will it facilitate the development of those regions?