Advanced special economic zones (ASEZs) are being created to establish favourable conditions for attracting investment and developing comfortable living conditions for local populations. Tools that are used to achieve a balance in regional development can also be used to address a wide range of issues related to economic diversification. The incentives and benefits that are offered by these development tools are aimed at compensating businesses for the costs of investing in regions with low investment attractiveness. What initial outcomes have been achieved by resident companies that have established themselves in the ASEZs? What are the restrictions on the use of these mechanisms in Russia? Are the current incentives sufficient to attract investment to the regions?