Regions in Russias Far East are implementing large-scale mineral resource management projects that are heavily government-funded. But the changing global raw materials market has highlighted the need to identify new drivers of economic growth in this macro-region. Owing to public initiative, proximity to major sources of foreign investment and its logistical advantages, it possesses the potential to become a powerful growth area. Taking all these factors into account, can growth in domestic demand (particularly household demand linked to import substitution) become a source of sustainable economic growth? Should the government take steps to foster this demand and, if so, using which tools?