The competition between industries, countries, companies and individuals is growing. How to succeed in this race and not to lose? What factors can lead to success? During the Fourth Industrial Revolution, one crucial factor was added to the traditional strengths, which are inclusive institutions and strong leaders. The factor in question is access to cutting-edge technologies. The explosive growth of technologies leads to qualitative changes in business and management. What leadership skills will help to remain relevant in the face of large-scale technological disruptions and benefit from them? What investments in human capital will be the most effective during the time of change and help increase the competitiveness of countries, companies and leaders?