Four years ago, the Agency for Strategic Initiatives launched the National Enterprise Initiative (NEI), which aims to radically improve conditions for doing business in Russia. For the first time in Russias history, entrepreneurs began to work with state bodies and the expert community to develop road maps (action plans for improving the business climate in Russia). Thanks largely to the implementation of these road maps, Russia soared from 120th to 51st place in the World Banks ease of doing business index. How much simpler is it to do business now? Have the adopted laws been implemented effectively? What types of monitoring tools should be employed to assess project performance? What recent progress has been made with the project, and what still remains to be done?