Russia possesses the worlds largest reserves of shale formations, with the Bazhenov field alone estimated to have reserves equating to 2,300 billion barrels. Moreover, a number of performing fields will shift to secondary and tertiary production over the coming decades. However, major Russian energy firms have only recently begun to explore methods to enhance extraction techniques. What are the challenges in bringing Russias unconventional extraction online? How might these approaches be adapted to increase the production life of mature fields, and what might be the combined impact on Russias energy sector?