The first phase of the Nanotechnology Industry Development Strategy (a presidential initiative) is to be completed in 2015. What tasks were set for developing the nano-industry when the Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies (RUSNANO Corporation) was set up? Which goals were successfully met, and conversely, which have yet to be met and why? Why was Rusnanotech State Corporation split into a joint-stock company and a non-profit organization (the Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programmes), and why was a management company established? Does RUSNANO have any breakthrough projects that are comparable with world-class examples? Have the developments of Russian scientists been in demand for the new industry? Can the Russian nanotechnology industry survive in the current conditions? Which industries are currently using nanotechnologies, and why arent they seen in everyday life? Which industries are the most promising for the use of nanotechnologies in the near future?