Illicit trafficking in manufactured goods has reached critical levels, significantly impeding industrial development, discouraging investors, and having a negative effect on the countrys economic security. Russia is actively working to stop illicit trafficking in manufactured goods. A State Commission has been created to coordinate efforts in this area. Work is continuously being done to develop and introduce efficient methods of combatting shadow markets, including excise goods, and this has yielded significant results. A goods labelling and tracking system is being developed. Compulsory labelling has been introduced for fur goods, while some other goods (drugs, tobacco) are undergoing pilot schemes. Combatting illicit trafficking in manufactured goods has become an agenda item for international relations. How do we efficiently counteract the growth of the shadow market, while also making use of international practices and the system already created within Russia? How can business attract the states attention to such issues, including those related to illicit trafficking? What are the prospects for international cooperation in this area, both within the EAEC and with key trading partners? What advantages do goods labelling and traceability hold for business, and what risks do businesses see in them?