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Investment Opportunities in the EAEU: Privatization of Government Assets in the Republic of Kazakhstan
24 May 2018
15:00—16:15
KEY CONCLUSIONS
Russia – Kazakhstan partnership within the framework of the EAEU can be called fruitful and strategic

Today, more than 8500 Russian-invested companies are operating in Kazakhstan. Russia is a leader in direct foreign investment stock — Imangaly Tasmagambetov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Russian Federation.

In practical terms, the EAEU creates opportunities for effective development of our economies and makes it possible to reach a new qualitative level of economic development — Rustam Minnikhanov, Head of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Kazakhstan is a reliable strategic partner for Russia. Commodity circulation between our countries has increased by 30% and reached 17.5 billion US Dollars — Yury Trutnev, Deputy Prime Minister and Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District of the Russian Federation.

The economy of Kazakhstan is open to the world and investments

Kazakhstan focuses particularly on creating a favourable business environment for investors. In the Doing Business 2018 rating, Kazakhstan is the leader in minority investors rights protection — Imangaly Tasmagambetov, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Russian Federation.

Kazakhstan is the most attractive economy in Central Asia, drawing up to 80% of direct investments in the region. This could not be achieved without improving the investment climate and taking measures allowing Kazakhstan to work within OECD standards — Askar Mamin, First Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The Republic of Kazakhstan has resolutely entered a period of structural reforms including privatisation of state owned assets. A new stock exchange has been set up from scratch for these purposes, using best practices. In July, the ‘Astana’ International Financial Centre with independent court and arbitration is to be opened — Kairat Kelimbetov, Manager of the ‘Astana’ International Financial Centre.

Transit capacity of Kazakhstan is of special interest

There is interest to developing common transit potential – a route from China through Kazakhstan and into Europe passing through the Republic of Tatarstan as well — Rustam Minnikhanov, Head of the Republic of Tatarstan.

What is attractive about the transport and logistics sectors of Kazakhstan? First of all, it is the EAEU factor setting the main trend. A united transport area with common laws and transport standards has already been created. Within the last 8-10 years, more than 30 billion US Dollars have been invested in the Kazakhstan Transport and Logistics Complex. The Republic of Kazakhstan has an effective rail network covering all export, import and transit needs — Kanat Alpysbaev, Chairman of the Management Board – President, JSC NC Kazakhstan Temir Zholy.

The “One zone – one road” initiative also gives a positive impetus to achieving this purpose. Transport and logistics chains, which allow us to become an Eastern gateway between Western China and Siberia, are being created. We do not compete, we integrate — Kanat Alpysbaev, Chairman of the Management Board – President, JSC NC Kazakhstan Temir Zholy.

ISSUES
The major approach to privatisation and reformation of state owned assets management

Samruk Kazina total assets amount to 74 billion US Dollars and consisting of all economic sectors. It is necessary to make management of this portfolio more efficient and bring the fund to a level comparable with the main international sovereign wealth funds. The President has recently approved this new strategy. The objectives will be achieved through key strategic initiatives, one of them being a comprehensive programme of privatisation. This year, more than 50 assets from various sectors and of different sizes, including Kazatomprom, Air Astana and Kazakhtelecom, are to be privatised — Akhmetzhan Yesimov, Chairman of the Board of National Welfare Fund Samruk Kazina.

By the end of the year, within the framework of the programme, we are planning to privatise three airports, the Aktau sea port and a number of other assets — Nurlan Rakhmetov, Managing Director for Transformation, Privatization and Restructuring, Sovereign Wealth Fund Samruk-Kazyna.

Adapting the domestic economy to external shocks

Despite effect of the sanctions, the Tenge has stabilised and dollar deposits have decreased. This has demonstrated the strength of our domestic economy, which supports the local currency. Our economy is mature and dynamic. This privatisation provides more opportunities to investing in national companies, which, in future, will allow them to be developed as our economy grows — Baljeet Kaur Grewal, Managing Director for Strategic Development of National Welfare Fund Samruk Kazina.

Digitalisation and sustainable economy growth – important issues on the agenda

The period of digitalisation of our national companies is very important for us — Baljeet Kaur Grewal, Managing Director for Strategic Development of National Welfare Fund Samruk Kazina.

SOLUTIONS
Chemistry, petrochemistry, agricultural chemistry and processing

Kazakhstan is planning to become one of the ten best exporters of crude oil by 2030 — Baljeet Kaur Grewal, Managing Director for Strategic Development of National Welfare Fund Samruk Kazina.

Talking about the Atirau platform, the state is implementing the first step of infrastructure construction for 1 billion US Dollars. One of the most promising projects we would like to introduce is production of methanol and its derivatives. We have the raw materials, production site, state preferences and a chemical company as a potential partner. Agricultural chemistry is developed in the Taraz chemical zone. 40% of the products are created in the District of Jambyl, which is rich in phosphorites — Jenis Oserbay, Chairman of the Board of the United Chemical Company.

Exploitation of natural resources

There are a number of large state-owned mineral deposits. The state is also conducting a range of geological survey works. A new Code for subsoil and land management based on the Australian example has been adopted. It includes assistance to investors who want to use natural resources — Kanat Kudaybergen, Chairman of the Management Board, Tau-Ken Samruk National Mining Company.

Kazakhstan will take second place in tungsten resources after China. We will be able to take 30% of the world market. According to our agreement with the government, we have the preemptive right to field operations — Kanat Kudaybergen, Chairman of the Management Board, Tau-Ken Samruk National Mining Company.

Development of energy, including alternative sources

The company is actively developing the green energy sector. We have big plans for widening our activities in this sphere. Our strategic goals are corporate social responsibility and support for sustainable development. Privatisation will allow us to focus on our main activities and strengthen the company’s financial stability — Erken Akenev, head of Department of asset divestiture and reorganisation, Samruk Energo.

Expanding air transport

To cover the whole country, a tight network of air carriers is needed. In Kazakhstan, we carry our regional passengers according to the strictest international safety standards. We hold talks with our strategic partners in order collectively to find new models for cooperation. We have the youngest and most efficient fleet in the region. We fly to regional airports and work in alliance with international air carriers. We are also closely monitoring the ‘One zone – one road’ initiative and try to comply with it fully — Alexander Blare Trierne Pollack, Chairman of the Board of Qazaq Air.

We have already carried almost half a million passengers. We also work in code-sharing with Aeroflot and Air Astana. The company has unique opportunities for development at the regional level. Income from such flights has risen by 53% and the number of flights by 30%. We are operating on 14 routes within Kazakhstan. Next year, we are planning to have 22 routes, including seven international ones — Alexander Blare Trierne Pollack, Chairman of the Board of Qazaq Air.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS