A project which sets out plans for a new environmental class of hybrid vessels should result in a reduction of harmful transport emissions. This will also be achieved in part by promoting a green shipping programme for the Arctic and using LNG fuel, for example — Dmitry Kobylkin, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation.
There are a lot of untapped renewable energy sources in all Arctic countries. Over the last few years, investments in clean tech solutions have increased significantly and rapidly worldwide. There is huge potential to utilize our wind, forest biomass, geothermal, hydro, and marine power resources — Hannele Pokka, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Finland; Chair of the Northern Forum (2001–2005).
A programme to switch to biofuel in the public energy sector is in place. Year after year, we have been constructing boilers which operate on lumber waste. We do not use coal, and are halting the use of diesel fuel across large parts of our region. In March, Arkhangelsk Region and Rostec Corporation signed an agreement to construct an LNG plant with a capacity of 120,000 tonnes per year. This work in the field of LNG will benefit a huge number of regions. <...> RUB 14 billion is being invested in total — Lev Levit, Representative of the Governor of the Arkhangelsk Region for the Development of the Arctic.
The role of shipping emissions is only 2.2–2.5% of global emissions. But of course, we need solutions. I will bring you up to date on some of the Finnish solutions in terms of reducing shipping emissions. The first one is a rotor sail system, which is installed in a vessel and can reduce fuel consumption, based on the wind conditions, by 5–20%. The second important initiative is the use of electric ferries — Tero Vauraste, Chairman, Arctic Economic Council; President, Mariadi Oy.