Increasing healthy life expectancy from the present 63 years to 67 years is a crucial national objective and very important for Russia. Public health programmes target large population groups and are implemented by a variety of agencies. They cover the public health and epidemiological wellbeing of the population, vaccinations, motivating people to reject harmful lifestyle choices, measures to prohibit and restrict the sale of alcohol and tobacco and to encourage healthy eating, conducting preventative examinations, and other measures to improve public health. Three federal projects directly aim to achieve this goal Strengthening Public Health, Sport as a Part of Everyday Life and Development of the Primary Healthcare System. What do people need to know about a healthy lifestyle? What role do the heads of municipalities and regions play in implementing public healthcare programmes? What targets should be set to reduce the popularity of harmful lifestyle choices? What are the main focuses for modernizing centres? What role do volunteers play in promoting public health?