The President of the Russian Federation gave instructions to increase exports of medical services to USD 1 billion per year by 2024. Today, there are about 110,000 foreign medical tourists coming to Russia per year. The key to increasing the inflow of medical tourists is to guarantee high-quality healthcare at the countrys medical and resort institutions as well as to ensure the healthcare network has the available capacity. What measures should be taken to guarantee that medical tourists are provided with a quality of healthcare that is consistent with international standards? How can we make Russias resort industry accessible to citizens of the Russian Federation and attractive to medical tourists? Would an increased inflow of medical tourists reduce the availability of healthcare for Russian citizens? How should patients from other countries be informed about the opportunities offered by Russian medical and health institutions?