Fighting cancer is currently one of the governments top priorities. Cancer is the second leading cause of death and ranks third in terms of the number of years of life lost in Russia. According to WHO, the number of oncological diseases has increased by roughly 15% over the last ten years, and cancer will be the top cause of death around the world over the next 57 years. The federal project Fighting Cancer aims to reduce the mortality rate from tumours, including malignant tumours, to 185 cases per 100,000 people by 2024. In 2019, the regions will have to develop and launch regional programmes based on the specific issues they each face. What challenges do the regions face in developing specialized cancer programmes? What best practices can and should be used? What priorities should be set when developing programmes? What modern technologies can significantly increase effectiveness in preventing cancer?