The future development of the IT sector in Russia is largely dependent upon the creation of a workforce that is capable of capitalizing on the strategic capabilities of technologies on the global market. Information technology forms an integral part of almost every industry, and as technology continues to become more sophisticated, it creates new markets. Will market leaders be able to develop the strategies required to fill emerging niche sectors? What policies should the state pursue in developing the infrastructure for a changing IT market? Is IT education capable of adapting to new market requirements fast enough, and what role should business play in this process?