A socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of nationwide and international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, youth, sporting, and cultural events.

The Roscongress Foundation is a socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of nationwide and international conventions; exhibitions; and business, public, youth, sporting, and cultural events. It was established in pursuance of a decision by the President of the Russian Federation.

The Foundation was established in 2007 with the aim of facilitating the development of Russia’s economic potential, promoting its national interests, and strengthening the country’s image. One of the roles of the Foundation is to comprehensively evaluate, analyse, and cover issues on the Russian and global economic agendas. It also offers administrative services, provides promotional support for business projects and attracting investment, helps foster social entrepreneurship and charitable initiatives.

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Agriculture: You Reap What You Sow
6 September 2022
15:00—16:30
KEY CONCLUSIONS
Modern technologies will help the Far East achieve self-sustainment

The goal is self-sustainment of the Far East. Rosstat’s statistics show self-sustainment in terms of certain products is twice as low as Russia’s average. Generally, the Far East can provide enough food for itself. We need to pick industries and cultures than need to be developed and make appropriate decisions — Anatoliy Bobrakov, Deputy Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic.

In general, agricultural technologies and the variety pool show that maximum self-sustainment of the Far Eastern Federal District is attainable — Andrei Razin, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.

Demand for short-shelf-life products is significantly higher than supply in the Far East

Long-shelf-life products are doing fine in the Far East. As it was previously mentioned, though the Far East is only 40% of Russia’s territory, it is home only to 5% of the country’s population. This is why it makes no business sense to create operations that make flour, pasta, or cereal — Yury Egorov, Founder, Samberi.

I think the supply drives the need for fresh food – it is important. If we consider the large territory and low population density, the issue of fresh food becomes essential — Artem Belov, Director General, National Union of Milk Producers (Soyuzmoloko).

ISSUES
The development of agriculture in the Far East evens out the agricultural conditions in comparison to farmers in other federal districts of Russia

The Far East has a special feature: a huge territory and low population density. As for its downsides, it is high costs in comparison to the European part of Russia. They are driven by a whole range of logistical infrastructural, natural and climate factors — Artem Belov, Director General, National Union of Milk Producers (Soyuzmoloko).

If the cost of a single cattle stall in the European part of Russia is RUB 100 and an investor gets a compensation of 25%, so he is left with 75%. If it is happening in the Far East, the cost is RUB 140, so 25% of compensation does not put them in an equal position with agricultural producers in the European part of Russia — Anatoliy Bobrakov, Deputy Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic.

Of course, if we are talking about the main difficulties that have been mentioned (they include the climate among other things), I will reiterate that science has a good headstart. We have learned to work with agricultural technologies and do all agricultural works as fast as possible — Andrei Razin, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.

Lack of forage and storage capacity. Restoring them requires a comprehensive approach

Forage – either local or logistically accessible – is very important to us, much like sales. <…> Any large business views the situation as a whole — Mikhail Matveenko, Deputy General Director, Ekoniva-APK Holding.

Now farmers can store what they make no longer than until late winter. After that, it is either the hungry times or the times of Chinese producers. <…> Our farmers make high-quality, good products, but they cannot store it — Yury Egorov, Founder, Samberi.

SOLUTIONS
Investments and government support for agriculture in the Far East will give an impetus to its development

We are actively developing additional support measures together with our colleagues from the Far East. <…> Within a month after the Eastern Economic Forum, together with Far Eastern regions, we will need to submit our proposals on the promising agricultural industries and support measures to the Government, which will need to take those measures for the development of those industries — Anatoliy Bobrakov, Deputy Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic.

We see decent growth rates in a whole number of industries over the past several years. Some industries are demonstrating accelerated growth compared to other regions. Obviously, the starting point is the key issue here. Nevertheless, despite all the difficulties, we see that agriculture is interesting for investors, which is proved by numbers [investment volume, – Ed.] — Andrei Razin, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.

Despite the fact that over 50% of our Republic is high-latitude territories and is obviously among the risk farming areas, we are a farming region. <…> First of all, we are focusing on our local production. This is why we implement investment projects. Agricultural investments are among the key drivers of long-term growth — Kirill Bychkov, First Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

Comprehensive development of agriculture will help the macro-region achieve self-sustainability and create export opportunities

It is, of course, critically important for us to be ahead of the curve in re-equipping and retrofitting the agribusiness sector, so that we can carry out all field work in the shortest possible time. To achieve this, we need modern agricultural machinery and equipment that enables us to do this as efficiently as possible — Andrei Razin, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.

As far as ‘freshness’ is concerned, [short-shelf-life products, – Ed.] We have a big market and a vast field here. We know this for ourselves, and we would like to make our customers a better offer. It is in the ‘fresh’ category that we see huge potential for growth, probably by 70% and possibly more — Yury Egorov, Founder, Samberi.

It seems to me that for very many regions in the Far East, the creation of their own raw material base, the development of small processing... could allow them to provide retail – chain retail and traditional retail – with ‘fresh’ food. Again, when I look at the shelves, there is no problem with long-life products on the shelves — Artem Belov, Director General, National Union of Milk Producers (Soyuzmoloko).

The development of the macro-region in terms of investments in logistics and in trade and logistics centres, it seems to be the most promising. <...> For our industry, China is a key market in terms of exports. While the year before last it was about half of all poultry exports, last year it was less, but nevertheless the export volumes are growing and we have a unique competitive factor. We have direct transitions, and we are no longer dependent on either Kazakhstan or Mongolia — Sergei Lakhtyukhov, General Director, National Union of Poultry Farmers.

The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS