Leveraging the experiences of European countries and international cooperation when developing a mechanism to secure the Russian Federation's digital sovereignty
Europeans have forbidden American transnational corporations from exporting personal data and have started from the position that: databases must be secured, personal data must stay in the European Union, that is, that the concept of sovereignty has started appearing in real life. They have understood that those who lose digital sovereignty can also lose political sovereignty, because all of these processes will be managed by inscrutable corporations from abroad. Databases must remain within their territories, regulatory agencies must have tight control over the situation: how personal data is being used, how data is being collected, processed, secured – and this is considered an important element in regulating the virtual organization of society within a specific territory — Tigran Sargsyan, Deputy Chairman of the Board, Eurasian Development Bank.
In many areas, it is essential to have international cooperation, to cultivate interdependence, in the positive sense of the word. When, on the one hand, we invest something, <...> in this sense, we indirectly advance our products abroad and, on the other hand, depend on foreign products, while our partners depend on our products. In this sense, the open-source model [developing software that is delivered to the end-user with an open-source code, i.e., the application may be altered without violating the developers’ author’s rights, – Ed.], provides a certain alternative to the reign of transnational corporations, because intellectual property has become a very strong tool — Igor Drozdov, Chairman of the Board, Skolkovo Foundation.
When we talk about import substitution we’re talking about smart import substitution. <...> If we close ourselves off, then the cool products and solutions that we have developed, exist essentially without competition – only competing domestically – and right off the bat, within a few years, they degrade and we lose those products and solutions — Maxim Parshin, Deputy Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation.