We are planning to take a full aquaculture inventory. The instructions have been issued accordingly, and scientific institutions are developing a control methodology. Ultimately, we shall gain an overall picture of the way we work on the water. This will include the <...> potential when all hatcheries are fully exploited. We can see that by 2025, we must reach 50,000 tonnes of cultivated products, rising to around 100,000 tonnes by 2030 — Petr Savchuk, Deputy Head, Federal Agency for Fisheries (Rosrybolovstvo).
Aquaculture is now one of the fastest-growing segments in the food industry. Today, more seafood, fish, and seaweed is cultivated than is caught in the wild. And this is a trend that will only become more pronounced. The development potential for aquaculture in our region has become clear. <...> This year, commercial output exceeded 13,000 tonnes, representing almost ten-fold growth compared to 2016. At the same time, it must be noted that this volume is a fraction of the minimum planned production volumes for the allotted water body. We can therefore conclude that not the entire water body is being utilized, nor is it being utilized to an optimal degree — Vasily Grebennikov, Director, Effective Energy; Chief Executive Officer, De-Freeze Zapad .
Primorye Territory has fantastic potential when it comes to cultivating the very best products. I do not know what people in Russia think about it, but from Niigata or Hokkaido I see a number of seas surrounding Russia – seas which are incredibly clean, and possessing wonderful opportunities to develop the sector — Kondo Takehiko, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Kondo Shoten.
We not only sell a great deal of fish in Russia, but also export a large amount, too, particularly to Europe, Korea, and China. And when we talk to our partners in Europe, China, and Korea, they always ask us about seafood. <...> We decided to acquire a hatchery at an auction. We used an online platform, submitted a winning bid, and began cultivating scallops. <...> We can see that this area holds a lot of promise, as overall demand across the world is very high — Evgeniy Karpov, Founder, ATRK.
Inland sites with infrastructure are required in order to subsequently process products. Currently, water is under federal ownership. At the same time, it is necessary to deal with regional and local government bodies when it comes to plots of land. And, unfortunately, these areas are not currently coordinated with one another. As a result, companies enter the sea, but cannot move into land. This is probably one of those issues which requires close scrutiny if we are to engage in advanced processing of products — Vasily Grebennikov, Director, Effective Energy; Chief Executive Officer, De-Freeze Zapad .
A very large number of issues makes work difficult, both for currently operating enterprises and new ones alike. And the regulatory legislation, the position taken by supervisory bodies is not always, shall we say, flexible. There is not always the possibility of rapidly making changes to one regulatory document or other, to adapt them to fit the current circumstances with regard the cultivation of aquaculture facilities of one kind or other — Roman Vityazev, Chairman, Far Eastern Union of Mariculture Enterprises; Chairman, Hyperion.
What kinds of questions does the Chinese investor have? The market in China is too tough, but when they come here and see our authorities taking their time to do things, and see that some things are done at a local level, and other things are done somewhere else, it becomes difficult to understand. They need clarity. They have time. And of course, things need to go faster at every level. That is true of business, of government, of everything. However, I do not see any fightback anywhere — Alexander Lopatnikov, General Director, Marine Aquaculture Ho Xiang.
We are heard, and are requests are considered. Unfortunately, however, this process is a very slow one. In this aspect, we naturally regard our colleagues in China with a discernible degree of envy. The system they have in place for business to interact with government has been built on an entirely different principle. There, the government is primarily interested in solving issues encountered by business and makes every endeavour to do so. Currently, that is left for us to do ourselves — Roman Vityazev, Chairman, Far Eastern Union of Mariculture Enterprises; Chairman, Hyperion.
A strategy to develop the fishing industry has been approved, which will run to 2030. And as instructed, this will also encompass a strategy to develop aquaculture. That is the right thing to do. We see this area as one with potential. And the main thing is the roadmap. <...> Once it is presented, I think there will be major guarantees to support business, and you will have a clearer understanding of matters — Petr Savchuk, Deputy Head, Federal Agency for Fisheries (Rosrybolovstvo).
A favourable environment needs to be created for mariculture companies, primarily via regulatory legislation — Roman Vityazev, Chairman, Far Eastern Union of Mariculture Enterprises; Chairman, Hyperion.
We already have the Russian Fishing Association, which operates nationwide. That said, it largely represents culture in inland and freshwater bodies – that which is found in ponds. It would of course be important to have something systemic, that covers all areas. In the Far East alone, even in Primorye Territory, I believe, there are two associations, if not more. That is not a bad thing, but when there is one umbrella organization which can accumulate issues which are common to all, it can help solve questions quickly, even at the national level. That is because it is clear that such a body represents the interests of the entire industry, and not of individual companies — Evgeniy Katz, Director of the Department for Regulation of Fisheries and Aquaculture of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation.
As of this year, <...> we have commissioned an innovation-led R&D centre for mariculture on Popov Island. First of all, it will enable us to implement developments which already exist. We will be able to adapt existing global experience, including from China, to our conditions. <...> Of course, the main goal of this centre is to develop new measures, new methodologies. An accompanying goal – but not less important for it – is the establishment of a school or a process for training people who will work in aquaculture. <...> In fact, the centre on Popov Island is a connective part or a fulcrum of an aquaculture system which we are currently building, and which is now in its second year — Alexey Baytalyuk, Deputy Director and Head of the Pacific Branch, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO).
I think that our Chinese partners are also going to be interested in this centre, and in helping with development, sharing their technology, and growing the business — Alexander Lopatnikov, General Director, Marine Aquaculture Ho Xiang.
Perhaps this could, as an option, be included in the Far East’s development strategy. At the previous EEF, as well as at other forums connected to digitalization, we also proposed the creation of a user account, which could, for example, form part of the Aquavostok online service. That could enable people to submit their questions and immediately get the responses and answers they need. They could get information on regulations which have been newly adopted, or scrapped. And this line of communication could be both fast, and two-way — Roman Vityazev, Chairman, Far Eastern Union of Mariculture Enterprises; Chairman, Hyperion.
I would suggest a form of carrot-and-stick approach for users who fulfil their obligations, do their work, and put effort and investment in development, one which envisages a process for expanding the current boundaries of fishing zones. I am specifically speaking of the part where creating new zones is impossible. In doing so, we could increase both efficiency and the number of legal commercial operators in water bodies by orders of magnitude. We could solve development problems experienced by current users — Roman Vityazev, Chairman, Far Eastern Union of Mariculture Enterprises; Chairman, Hyperion.
I would refer to the question concerning the actual form of the zones which are established. Currently, we have either a square, or a trapezium – four points. Given geographical features and the nature of coastal waters, this leads to large swathes of water remaining unused. In our opinion, we need to increase the number of points used when creating these zones, thereby allowing potential investors to delineate zones in other ways, such as a polygonal configuration over a large area — Roman Vityazev, Chairman, Far Eastern Union of Mariculture Enterprises; Chairman, Hyperion.
The entire world comprehensively exploits its coastal zone. We have already written a series of articles together with the Institute of Geography to give officials something to base their decisions on — Sergey Maslennikov, Head of the Centre for Aquaculture and coastal bioresources of the Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.