The demographic situation in the Russian Far East has seen improvements in recent years. Since 2012, for the first time in 20 years, there has been natural population growth and a steady reduction in outward migration flows. Experts believe that this positive demographic trend is directly linked to new investment projects in the Russian Far East. In order to achieve its demographic growth strategy, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is developing a demographic policy framework for the region to 2030, including specific measures for implementation. What measures to increase birth rates and life expectancy could have a long-term economic effect? How can the economic losses from premature mortality in the region be calculated? Can the creation of new jobs persuade residents of the Far East to stay in the region? What migration policy models should be adopted in the south and the north of the region? How can labour mobility and repatriation programmes be linked to the new economic tools, namely advanced special economic zones, the Far Eastern Hectare programme, and the Vladivostok Free Port?