Experts predict that global demand for electricity will increase by 2530% in the next 2030 years. The main sources of growth in demand will be residential and commercial properties, as well as industry and transport. Geographically speaking, India and Africa are set to see the fastest growth rates, whereas in OECD countries demand is expected to remain stable due to the development of the digital economy and improvements in energy efficiency, which is counterbalancing electrification. Nonetheless, the accuracy of these predictions remains in doubt due to a large number of uncertainties. Discussions are ongoing with respect to how rapidly electric car use will spread and new technologies for storing and transmitting energy will be implemented; how competitive generation from renewables will be once state subsidies from European countries come to an end; and how quickly environmental standards for energy companies will be toughened. How are different countries realizing their energy strategies in order to ensure energy security in these new times? What steps must Russia take to maintain its existing competitive advantages and leading positions in energy resource and technology markets? How will electricity demand and consumption change over the next 30 years? Breakthrough technologies in electricity: can we expect a black swan? Stimulating innovation in electricity: whose job is it? How is Russias power supply system set to change?